The impact of Brain Drain on the Education sector of Pakistan

Brain drain is a phenomenon that refers to the emigration of highly skilled or educated people from their home country to seek better opportunities elsewhere. This trend has a significant impact on the development of countries, particularly those that are still in the process of developing. In Pakistan, the education sector has been significantly impacted by the brain drain, with many of the country’s best and brightest minds leaving for better opportunities abroad.

The education sector in Pakistan has always been a cause for concern. Despite the government’s efforts to promote education and literacy, the country still faces numerous challenges. There is a lack of adequate infrastructure, inadequate resources, and limited access to quality education. Additionally, Pakistan’s education system faces numerous issues such as a high dropout rate, a lack of trained teachers, and low literacy rates, which further exacerbate the problems of the sector.

The impact of brain drain on the education sector of Pakistan is significant. When highly skilled and educated individuals leave the country, they take with them valuable human capital, which is essential for the development of any country. This loss of human capital has a significant impact on the education sector, as the people who are leaving are often those who are most skilled and knowledgeable.

One of the most significant impacts of brain drain on the education sector of Pakistan is the loss of skilled teachers. When teachers leave the country, it becomes challenging to replace them with equally qualified teachers. This leads to a shortage of teachers in the country, which affects the quality of education that students receive. The lack of qualified teachers means that students are not receiving the education they deserve, which can have a long-term impact on their future prospects.

The impact of brain drain on the education sector is not limited to the loss of teachers. It also has an impact on the development of new educational programs and policies. When skilled individuals leave the country, they take with them their knowledge and expertise. This means that Pakistan’s education sector is missing out on the innovative ideas and fresh perspectives that these individuals could have brought to the table. Without this valuable input, it becomes difficult to develop new and effective policies and programs that can help improve the education sector.

Furthermore, the impact of brain drain on the education sector of Pakistan is not limited to the loss of human capital. It also has a significant impact on the economy of the country. When highly skilled and educated individuals leave the country, they take with them their knowledge and expertise, which they use to contribute to the development of other countries. This means that Pakistan is losing out on valuable contributions that could have been made to the country’s economy.

Brain drain also has a long-term impact on the development of Pakistan. When highly skilled and educated individuals leave the country, it creates a brain drain cycle. The lack of opportunities and the low quality of life in the country drives people away, which further exacerbates the problems faced by the country. This cycle creates a situation where Pakistan struggles to retain its most talented individuals, which hinders its ability to develop as a nation.

To address the issue of brain drain and its impact on the education sector of Pakistan, the government must take steps to improve the quality of education in the country. This can be achieved by investing in education, providing more resources and facilities to schools, and increasing the number of trained teachers in the country. The government should also create a conducive environment for talented individuals to stay in the country by creating job opportunities, providing better salaries, and improving the quality of life in the country.

Another way to address the issue of brain drain is to encourage skilled individuals to return to the country after they have gained valuable experience abroad. This can be achieved by creating opportunities for them to contribute to the development of the country, such as by offering them positions in government or academic institutions. The government should also provide incentives to skilled individuals to return to the country, such as tax exemptions and funding for research and development projects.

Moreover, the government can also collaborate with universities and institutions abroad to encourage knowledge transfer and exchange. This can help to bring back new ideas and perspectives that can be applied to the development of the education sector in Pakistan.

In addition to government efforts, there are also steps that can be taken by individuals and institutions to address the issue of brain drain. For instance, academic institutions can create research opportunities and provide funding for talented individuals to conduct research in the country. This can help to retain talented individuals in the country and prevent them from leaving for better opportunities abroad.

Furthermore, the private sector can also play a significant role in addressing the issue of brain drain in Pakistan. By creating job opportunities and offering competitive salaries, the private sector can provide an alternative to talented individuals who might otherwise choose to leave the country. Additionally, the private sector can also collaborate with universities and research institutions to develop new and innovative projects that can contribute to the development of the country.

In conclusion, brain drain is a significant challenge facing the education sector in Pakistan. The loss of skilled individuals has a significant impact on the quality of education that students receive, the development of new policies and programs, and the economy of the country. To address this issue, the government must take steps to improve the quality of education in the country and create a conducive environment for talented individuals to stay in the country. Additionally, individuals and institutions can also play a role in addressing the issue by providing research opportunities, creating job opportunities, and collaborating to develop new projects that can contribute to the development of the country. By working together, it is possible to address the issue of brain drain and ensure that Pakistan’s education sector continues to develop and thrive.

Related: “Pakistan Se Zinda Bhag”: Despondency and Brain Drain Amongst Pakistani Students

Importance of Literature Festivals and Education

Literature, festivals, and education are all important aspects of human culture and society. Each plays a unique role in shaping our understanding of the world, our values, and our sense of identity. Literature festivals and education are intimately connected, as these events can play a significant role in promoting reading, writing, and critical thinking among the masses. Moreover, they have become increasingly popular in recent years, as they provide an opportunity for people to engage with writers, publishers, and literary enthusiasts from around the world. Therefore, these festivals are not only a celebration of literature but also serve as a valuable educational tool for students and the wider public.

Literature, in particular, is an essential part of our cultural heritage. It provides a window into different eras and societies, giving us insight into the thoughts, beliefs, and values of people throughout history. Through literature, we can explore complex ideas and emotions, expand our imagination, and develop empathy and understanding for others. Moreover, literature encourages critical thinking and helps us develop our language skills, making us better communicators and more effective problem-solvers. Festivals, on the other hand, are an important part of our social and cultural fabric. They provide opportunities for communities to come together, celebrate, and share common experiences. Festivals can help to reinforce cultural traditions and values, promote social cohesion, and provide economic benefits to local communities. They also provide opportunities for creative expression, helping to foster a sense of individual and collective identity.

Education, meanwhile, is essential for personal and societal development. It provides individuals with the knowledge, skills, and values necessary to navigate the world and contribute to their communities. Education not only helps to build a skilled workforce, but also promotes social mobility and equality, empowers individuals to make informed decisions, and fosters critical thinking and creativity. Education is also essential for preserving and transmitting cultural knowledge and values across generations.

Literature and Education

Literature is an essential tool for education. Through literature, students can learn about different cultures, periods, and perspectives. Moreover, literature helps students develop critical thinking skills, empathy, and the ability to analyze and interpret texts. In schools, teachers often use literature to teach various subjects, such as history, social studies, and language arts. Literature and education are closely intertwined, as literature is an important part of the educational process. Literature can enhance a student’s understanding of language, culture, history, and society. In addition to this, reading literature can help students develop critical thinking skills, creativity, and empathy. Literature is often included in the school curriculum as a way to introduce students to a wide range of genres and writing styles. Reading literature can also help students develop their writing skills, as they learn how to analyze and interpret texts and use literary devices in their writing. In addition to enhancing language and writing skills, literature can also play an important role in teaching values and morals. Many literary works deal with universal themes such as love, friendship, courage, and perseverance, and can provide valuable life lessons and inspiration. Overall, literature and education are mutually beneficial, as literature enhances the educational process and education provides a platform for the study and appreciation of literature.

Literature and festivals

Festivals are a celebration of culture and often showcase the literary works of a particular region or community. Literature festivals, in particular, are becoming increasingly popular around the world. They provide a platform for writers, poets, and other literary artists to showcase their work and engage with their audience. Literature festivals also encourage people to read more and explore different genres of literature. Festivals celebrate important cultural and religious events and offer an opportunity for people to come together and share their traditions and customs. Literature, as a form of artistic expression, can provide a means to explore and celebrate these events. In many cultures, festivals have been celebrated for centuries and are closely tied to the literature of the region. For example, in India, the festival of Diwali is closely associated with the Hindu epic, Ramayana. During this festival, people light candles and decorate their homes to celebrate the return of Lord Rama from his exile in the forest. The story of Ramayana is often recited during this time, and many people also read books and watch movies related to this epic. Similarly, during the Chinese New Year, people often exchange red envelopes containing money as a symbol of good luck. The festival is also associated with the mythical beast, Nian, which is said to come out of hiding and attack people on New Year’s Eve. Stories about Nian are often told during this time, and many people also read books about Chinese mythology and folklore. Literary festivals have also become popular in recent years, providing a platform for authors and readers to come together and celebrate literature. These festivals often feature talks, readings, and book signings, and provide an opportunity for people to engage with their favorite authors and discover new books. Overall, literature and festivals are intertwined, and both play an important role in celebrating culture and tradition. Whether through the retelling of ancient myths and legends or the creation of new works of literature, stories have the power to bring people together and foster a sense of community and connection.

Education and Festivals

Festivals can provide a unique opportunity for learning and education, as they often celebrate cultural, historical, or religious traditions, and can expose individuals to new experiences and knowledge. For example, many festivals around the world involve traditional dances, music, and crafts that can teach attendees about the history and culture of the region. Some festivals may also offer workshops or classes on various topics, such as cooking, gardening, or art, which can provide valuable learning opportunities for participants. Moreover, many educational institutions, such as schools and universities, often organize festivals or events to celebrate significant cultural or historical events or to showcase student achievements. These festivals can provide a platform for students to demonstrate their knowledge, creativity, and skills, and to share their work with the wider community. Overall, festivals can be a great way to enhance education and promote cultural awareness and understanding and can offer unique learning opportunities that may not be available in traditional classroom settings.

In conclusion, literature festivals and education are closely interconnected and essential for the development and growth of individuals and society. Literature provides a means to explore and understand different cultures, perspectives, and ideas, while education equips individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge to navigate the world and contribute to their communities. Festivals, on the other hand, are a celebration of culture and tradition and provide a unique opportunity for learning and creative expression. Literature festivals offer a platform for writers and readers to come together and celebrate the power of storytelling, while educational festivals provide a platform for students to showcase their knowledge and skills. Hence, through exposure to diverse perspectives, individuals can broaden their thinking and develop a deeper understanding of the world around them.

Related: IUB all set to host 3rd Bahawalpur Literary and Cultural Festival


PU syndicate recommends Rs 9.39 billion budget

The University of Punjab (PU) syndicate meeting, presided over by Vice-Chancellor Prof Niaz Ahmed on Wednesday, recommends a Rs 9.39 billion budget for the approval of the Senate for the year 2020-21. Despite facing serious financial pressure amid COVID 19, PU Syndicate decided not to increase fees for campus students so that parents will not have to bear the burden on their pockets.

On the direction of the vice chancellor for increasing PU’s international ranking and socio-economic impact research, the PU Syndicate made a major increase in research funding from Rs 165 million to Rs 380 million as it was a policy of the administration to promote research culture. PU would also continue overseas scholarship schemes for teachers.  The university has allocated Rs 32 million for participation in national and international conferences. The Syndicate also recommended the establishment of the Center for Health and Safety and Institutional Research Center. The university faces a deficit of Rs 431 million which would be managed by reducing expenditures and adopting austerity measures.
The university expects a total grant of Rs 2.5 billion from Higher Education Commission, 27.6 percent of the total budget while PU would generate the rest of 72.4 percent from own sources.
According to other salient features of the budget, special students will also be provided with free education along with boarding facilities while students taking admission on sports basis will be provided with free education. The university will continue to waive off tuition fee of Hafiz-e-Quran. Punjab University will provide Rs 152 million scholarships to the students. Moreover, HEC scholarships worth 97 million rupees and PEEF scholarships will also be provided to students. In the budget, Punjab University is providing Rs 209 million Hostel Subsidy, Rs 34 million transport subsidy and Rs 38 million internet subsidy to the students and in addition to the above, subsidy on electricity bills in teaching departments is also being provided. PU has allocated Rs 149 million for development projects.
Related: UO Syndicate Approves Senior Faculty Recruitment, New Academic Block

CM Punjab takes notice of harassment allegations at LGS

In the latest development regarding the allegations of sexual harassment leveled by students of Lahore Grammar School (LGS), CM Punjab Sardar Usman Buzdar and Education Minister Dr Murad Rass have taken notice of the reports and sought a report into the matter from the departments concerned.

The District Education Authority (DEA) has also formed a three-member committee to probe the incident. The members will consist of officials from the School Education Department (SED) and senior teachers of public sector schools. According to the notification, Government Islamia High School Lahore Cantt Principal Ghayas Sabir will be the convener of the committee, while members Shahid Ali Shah and Sadia Naseem will be from the Deputy District Education Officer Model Town. The committee will present its recommendations to the DEA Lahore Chief Executive Officer within three days. 
Earlier, the management of Lahore Grammar School, 1-A/1 branch, fired four employees including a teacher and support staff after some female students resorted to social media to raise a voice against purported sexual harassment. A number of female students narrated tales of how these staff members continued to harass students for years. They claimed that they had been facing harassment since 2016 and had filed numerous complaints to the management but to no avail. Some students even said they had to go as far as leaving the school to avoid harassment.
Chief Minister Buzdar has asked CCPO Lahore to investigate the allegations. He said harassment of students would not be tolerated and action against the accused would be taken per law.  in a tweet, Education Minister Murad Rass said, “I will deal with the case in LGS 1A1 myself. I have talked to the principal this morning, getting all the details. These children are my children, I will protect them. This case will be brought to a proper conclusion according to law. Make no mistake about it.”
All Pakistan Private Schools Federation (APPSF) President Kashif Mirza has condemned the reports of harassment of students.  “I Have taken notice of the harassment allegations. All Pakistan Private Schools Federation will support the victims and our helpline is available for complaints of such cases. Our regional offices also have been alerted to this issue.”
Related: BZU Terminates Faculty Member on Harassment Charges

126 Pakistani Students Win Erasmus Mundus Scholarship

The number of Pakistani students selected for the Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree (EMJMD) scholarship to study in Europe has gone up almost three-fold in the last three years, from 46 in 2017, to 126 for the academic year 2020-21, including 64 men and 62 women.

With 126 scholarships out of a global total of 2,542, Pakistan now ranks third in the world, having moved up one slot from its fourth position in 2019. A major reason is the awareness campaign launched jointly by the HEC and the EU mission in Pakistan. The total number of applications (2,919) from Pakistan is the highest in the world.
The selected students will pursue their studies in 18 leading European countries. The Erasmus Mundus program aims to promote academic and cultural understanding between the European countries and partner countries. It supports the development of human resources, facilitates international mobility and cooperation, and helps build the capacity of higher education institutions across the world.
EMJMD programs encompasses a range of subjects of interest to Pakistan, including the circular economy, microwave electronics and optics, international humanitarian action, vaccinology, children’s literature, media and culture, and groundwater and global change, to name a few.
Notwithstanding the prevalent uncertainty due to COVID-19 pandemic, HEC is actively engaged in discussions with the EU Delegation to facilitate the start of academic activities by the scholarship awardees, including their travel arrangements. Collaboration is also continuing on other programs in higher education and research, in order to bring the quality and standards of education at par with the global standards.
The Erasmus scholarships are an addition to the scholarships provided directly by the HEC to Pakistani students for study in the leading universities of the world. HEC has cooperative agreements with universities and countries not only on scholarships but also on joint research programs, faculty exchange programs, transnational education programs, excellence frameworks, and leadership development programs.
Related: Erasmus Mundus Scholarship: Everything You Need to Know About It

Punjab Govt upgrades more than 1200 schools free of cost

The Punjab Govt upgrades more than 1200 schools claiming that this upgrade was without spending any penny. Among these schools, 606 are girls and 621 are boys’ schools.


HEC, Microsoft join hands to boost online learning

In an effort to accelerate remote learning in a safe and secure environment, Microsoft is supporting the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan by deploying “Teams” for official online and remote learning interactions across more than 100 public and private universities.


UHS to provide Android tabs to deserving medical students

The University of Health Sciences (UHS), on Thursday, announced that it would provide free Android tabs to deserving students of public sector medical and dental colleges for digital learning during Covid-19.


Universities In Punjab To Attract International Students : Raja Yasir

Punjab Minister for Higher Education Raja Yasir Hummayun Sarfraz has said that the universities in Punjab will attract international students and teachers and give them facilities as per international standards.


GCU holds 411 online lectures on June 3

The Government College University (GCU) Lahore on Wednesday (June 3, 2020) held as many as 411 online lectures attended by around 7,100 students from the University’s 23 different departments.