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Essay on Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal is one of the most influential Muslim thinkers. Allama Iqbal was one of the greatest philosophers, and poets as well as an active political leader. His poetry is quite famous and had a great impact on Pakistan’s freedom movement. Mohammad Iqbal was born on the 9th of November 1877, in the city of Sialkot. He was born into a Kashmiri family that migrated from Afghanistan during British rule. His name was Allama which meant scholar. Allama Iqbal grew up in a very religious family. Allama Iqbal was a bright intelligent student, his education began at a traditional Madrassa and later he joined the Sialkot Mission School where he passed his Matriculation exams.

Throughout his career, Allama Iqbal followed various professions but at different times. He is held in high regard in Pakistan as well as India and among the Muslims of South Asia. Allama Iqbal worked as a professor of philosophy, took part in politics, practiced law, and even joined the round table conference. Years later, Allama Iqbal became a national poet, and he favored the idea of Pakistan.

Allama Iqbal had command over many languages. Such as Persian, Arabic, and Urdu. He not only wrote masterpieces in Urdu but in Persian as well. His poetry is quite famous and has even received international acclaim, while many people have even criticized upon his work. Some people believe him to be a political poet.

Allama Iqbal was among the very few people who raised his voice for the Muslims residing in India who were under British rule, he even brought the social problems into the light and addressed them. It was due to his outstanding poetry that many Muslims were influenced in 1930 to brainstorm the idea of a separate homeland for Muslims.

Allama Iqbal has written many books. Some of the most famous ones are The Secrets of the Self, Shikwa and Jawab-e-Shikwa, The Call of the Marching Bell, Zarb-i-Kalim, and many more. His amazing piece of poetry is still appreciated by many people. Allama Iqbal died in 1938 on the 21st of April. He is buried in Lahore.

Some of Allama Iqbal’s famous quotes are as follows:

“The ultimate aim of the ego is not to see something, but to be something.”

“Vision without power does bring moral elevation but cannot give a lasting culture.”

“Words without power, are mere philosophy.”

“Man is primarily governed by passion and instinct.”

“Failure is not fatal until we surrender trying again is the key to glorious victory.”

Other than Essay on Allama Iqbal, you can also read Essay on Quaid e Azam

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Essay on Quaid e Azam

The great leader and founder of Pakistan. His real name is Mohammad Ali Jinnah but widely known as Quaid-e-Azam or Baba-e-Qoum which means the father of the nation. Quaid-e-Azam was born on the 25th of December in Karachi, in 1876. Quaid-e-Azam was a successful lawyer as well as a politician. Quaid-e-Azam’s father’s name was Jinnah Poonja and his mother’s name was Mithibai. Quaid-e-Azam belonged to a rich merchant family. Quaid-e-Azam received his early education from Sindh Madrasa-ul-Islam and a Christian missionary school. He was sent to England at the mere age of 16 for higher education and later got admission to Lincoln’s Inn Law school to study Law. He returned home after studying abroad, then took over managing his family business.

A few years later, Quaid-e-Azam opened his law firm and became a successful lawyer and by 1900, he was appointed as a magistrate for the region’s presidency. During this time, Jinnah noticed that Hindus and Muslims were united against England, but the Hindu leaders had set their interests somewhere else. Soon after this Quaid-e-Azam left behind practicing law and went on to join political parties so he could take up leadership positions among organizations that planned to form Pakistan’s identity. He started his political career with Indian National Congress in 1906, then after a time span of 7 years, Jinnah joined the Muslim League.

Quaid-e-Azam was a man with great qualities and leadership. He was a human rights activist who constantly fought for the rights of Muslims and dedicated his whole life to the liberation of Pakistan. He tirelessly worked for the Muslims struggling in India and presented their concerns in the 14 points which were rejected by Congress. He endured many hardships for the formation of Pakistan and the rights of Muslims, but he did not give up. However, his efforts did not go unrewarded.

Quaid-e-Azam was a man of his word and one of the greatest spokesmen. Mahatma Gandhi called Quaid-e-Azam “an impossible man” due to his determinacy over his principles. Jinnah always stood like a rock in front of his enemies and never backed down. In 1933, Jinnah became the leader of the Muslim League. In 1940, the Pakistan resolution was drafted by The Muslim League at Minar-e-Pakistan. After the Pakistan Resolution was passed, Quaid-e-Azam worked tirelessly day and night and did not care about his health at all, slowly his health started deteriorating but he never stopped working. It was due to Quaid-e-Azam’s tireless efforts that Pakistan came into being on the 1947, 14th of August. Quaid-e-Azam passed away on the 11th of September in 1948.

Some of the most famous quotes by Quaid e Azam are:

1. “Think a hundred times before you take a decision, but once that decision is taken, stand by it as one man.”

2. “Expect the best, prepare for the worst.”

3. “With faith, discipline, and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.”

4. “I do not believe in taking the right decision, I take a decision and make it right.”

5. “Failure is a word unknown to me.”

Other than essay on Quaid e Azam, you can also read How to Start CSS Preparation at Home

Test Preparation

CA Pakistan General Information

If you are thinking of pursuing a career in CA, then you have landed on the right page. This article will find all the important information you need about CA in  Pakistan.

Read on!

What is CA in Pakistan?

CA (Chartered Accountancy) is a prestigious professional qualification that is recognized all over the globe. This qualification opens various opportunities to work in diverse fields, including accounting, auditing, finance, and taxation. Professionals with CA qualifications are always in high demand in local and international markets.

The scope in CA keeps increasing daily because of a high rise in entrepreneurship globally. CA is administered by ICAP (Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan). ICAP was established in 1961, the only institute that provides Chartered Accountancy certification in Pakistan. The head office of ICAP is in Karachi, while the regional offices are based in Multan, Lahore, Islamabad, and Quetta.

What are the eligibility criteria?

While many students wonder if they are eligible for the program or not, we have provided you with all the necessary details. Based on your previous qualification, ICAP offers two routes of entry into the CA program. These include:

Full-time scheme

  • Intermediate level of education with at least a minimum of 50% marks (12 years of education)
  • A-Levels with at least 3 passes in subjects or minimum Grade E
  • Students from these two categories must then appear in the CA program’s entry test (QAT).

Trainee Scheme

  • Bachelor’s degree in any discipline with a minimum of 45% marks
  • Master’s degree in any discipline
  • CIMA, ACCA, or ICMAP degree
  • However, students from the above categories will be exempt from qualifying for the entry test.

Quality Assessment Test (QAT)?

  • All students must appear in QAT as an entry test to pursue the CA program.
  • This will be a computer-based test that consists of three parts, it includes, Mathematics, English, and Analytical Reasoning. 
  • Candidates can attempt QAT thrice. 
  • The entry test is conducted by a third party authorized by the institute. 

What is the CA program structure?

CA program is divided into 4 parts:


AFC-1 Functional English
AFC-2 Business Communication
AFC-3 Quantitative Methods
AFC-4 Introduction To Information Technology


Group A
CAF-1 Financial Accounting and Reporting 1
CAF-2 Tax Practices
CAF-3 Cost and Management Accounting
CAF-4 Mercantile Law
Group B
CAF-5 Financial Accounting and Reporting 2
CAF-6 Managerial and Financial Analysis
CAF-7 Company Law
CAF-8 Audit and Assurance

Certified Finance and Accounting Professional (CFAP) 6 Papers

CFAP-1 Advance Accounting and Financial Reporting
CFAP-2 Corporate Laws
CFAP-3 Strategy and Performance Measurement
CFAP-4 Business Finance Decisions
CFAP-5 Tax Planning and Practices
CFAP-6 Audit, Assurance and Related Services

Multi-Subject Assessment (MSA) 2 Papers

MSA-1 Financial Reporting Professional Competence
MSA-2 Management Professional Competence


CA also includes practical training as a part of its program, so the students must complete their training or internship with a well-recognized organization. The period of the practical training is up to 3 years. However, the structure of this training program depends upon the student’s entry route. 

The CA fee structure?

The fees are payable to ICAP; the students must pay a fee for each paper and the registration fee to the institute where the candidate enrolls for the CA subjects. However, the fee varies as every institute has a different fee structure.

What is the admissions process?

Well, every admission requires some paperwork. But first things first, the candidates need to check their eligibility for admission, see if ICAP, Pakistan administers the program, and check for the institutes affiliated with the ICAP; these include SKANS and CFE Group of Colleges. After doing all this research, visit the nearest college offering the CA program and carefully fill in the college’s admission registration form of the college as well as the forms of ICAP. Also, keep in mind that the students eligible for the exemption papers must apply for exemption and pay for them separately.

Good Luck!

Test Preparation

CSS Exam in Pakistan General Information

Many people from all over Pakistan appear for the CSS exam every year. Numerous people out there want to go for CSS examinations, but several people do not know about the general information regarding CSS examinations. But hey, don’t worry, we have got you covered. If you are looking to find general information regarding the CSS examinations, then you have come at the right place.

Read on!

What is CSS?

CSS stands for Central Superior Services. It is a competitive exam organized by Federal Public Services Commission (FPSC) to recruit civil officers on a merit basis. People from all over Pakistan appear in this exam to secure higher jobs as civil servants. CSS is one of the toughest exams in Pakistan.

Many people appear for the CSS examination, but unfortunately, only a few can pass these examinations with flying marks. Many people have this huge misconception that CSS examinations are easy and can be prepared only in a few months, but this is not entirely true, as CSS test preparation is no piece of cake and requires a lot of time and effort.

What are the parts of CSS exams?

CSS exam consists of four major parts: a written test, a medical test, a viva, and a psychological test. The written exam has six compulsory subjects and six optional subjects, and the candidates can select it from the subjects according to their previous education records. However, the minimum mark required for qualifying for the compulsory subjects is around 40%, while for the optional subjects is at least 30%. The candidate who qualified after the written test will be shortlisted for further parts such as medical, viva, and psychological tests.

Read more: CSS Syllabus 2022 

What are the Requirements for CSS?

Students wishing to appear in CSS examinations must fulfill the following eligibility criteria:

Nationality for CSS

Only Pakistani nationals are eligible to apply. Or a permanent resident of the state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

Qualification for CSS

At least 14 years of education to graduate with a minimum of 2nd division is required from a recognized HEC university. However, if a candidate has the 3rd division in their bachelor’s degree, they can only apply if they hold a higher division in the master’s degree.

Age limit for CSS

To take the CSS exam, a candidate must be between the ages of 21 and 30. However, the age limit is relaxed specifically for those currently serving as government employees or those belonging to recognized tribes.

How to apply for the CSS exam?

For everyone wanting to appear in CSS exams 2022, the date of applying has come closer. The expected date to apply for the CSS examination is from the 5th of October till the 3rd of November. As per the reports, the online registration has started now, and the candidates can send their Printed Application Form, educational documents, CNIC, domicile, and Passport size photographs to the FPSC headquarter in Islamabad. To apply online, students must visit the FPSC website for the online application facility and keep an eye on the latest updates and exam dates.

CSS admission fee?

Candidates must deposit Rs.2200/– as an examination fee in the nearest Govt. State Bank of Pakistan/National Bank of Pakistan under the account head “C02101-Organs of State Exam fee (FPSC Receipt) before the closing date.

What are the places of Interviews?

The FPSC conducts CSS examinations in several cities of Pakistan, which include:

  • Lahore
  • Islamabad
  • Karachi
  • Larkana
  • Multan
  • Quetta
  • Peshawar
  • Sukkur
  • Rawalpindi
  • Gilgit
  • Faisalabad
  • D.I. Khan
  • Sargodha
  • And many more cities.

However, the interviews are conducted only in a few cities, which include the following:

  • Lahore
  • Karachi
  • Quetta
  • Peshawar
  • And Islamabad
Test Preparation

How to Start CSS Preparation at Home

How to Start CSS Preparation at Home – The Ultimate Guide

But before that, Let us discuss the importance of CSS Preparation.

Central Superior Services (CSS) is one of the toughest and quite competitive exams organized by the Federal Public Services Commission (FPSC) to recruit civil officers on a merit basis. It is the most anticipated exam of the year wherein thousands of aspirants test their fate for a place in the prestigious bureaucratic framework of the country. Many people appear for the CSS examination, but unfortunately, only a few can pass these examinations with flying marks.

While many people have this misconception that CSS examinations are easy and can be prepared in a few months, this is not true, as CSS test preparation is no piece of cake and requires a lot of time, hard work and constant efforts to secure good marks. If you plan on preparing for CSS, then get ready to align your life in such a routine that you do not have to put the effort in just scheduling your days.

CSS test preparation is one of the most challenging tasks for students. The journey is surely not easy by any stretch of the imagination. While many students choose to prepare in academies but on the other hand, several other students choose to prepare for CSS test examinations in the comfort of their homes.

There are a lot of mind-boggling questions that come in the minds of students while preparing for CSS tests at home. Many aspirants ask, “How to start CSS preparation at home” or “Is it even possible to start and succeed in the CSS exams while preparing at home”, well there is no need to be concerned.

Sit back and relax as we have got you covered. In this article, we will discuss CSS tips and tricks and all the little details that show how to prepare for CSS. So, go through the article carefully and thoroughly.

Read on!

Download FPSC CSS syllabus

First things first, download and print all the CSS examination syllabus. This syllabus helps provide a deep and detailed understanding of the CSS examination preparation. Download it and go through it thoroughly, as this is the crucial step in the CSS test preparation because you must choose the compulsory and optional subjects you are planning to take.

Students cannot just choose any subject unless they are aware for the demand of the subjects; the syllabus is the only reliable source which will fully make you understand what CSS is.

Start preparing for compulsory subjects

The next important step while preparing for CSS examination is to start with compulsory subjects. Remember, do not go choose the optional subjects until you are done with the compulsory subjects. Many students make this mistake. One can start with English Grammar; without that, your preparation will just be a waste of time. Keep your focus on English Grammar and start learning and studying through Grammar books. English essay preparation should be done nearly at the end of your CSS examination preparation.

Choose optional subjects wisely

Yes, this is another important factor while getting ready to for CSS online preparation. Some students have mastered the art of a certain subject, it is highly recommended that they choose only those subjects that they have a proper grip on. High and low-scoring subjects are simply just myths. There are two categories of subjects’ selection in optional subjects category.

In the first category, some students are new to all these subjects or have only little information about the subjects. These students need to choose only those subjects that overlap with CSS Compulsory or any other optional subjects. Moreover, students should also keep track of their time, as time management also plays a vital role while preparing for CSS examinations at home. Overlapping subjects will save time and will not put any extra burden on the students.

Download past papers

Once you have chosen the optional subjects, the next important step is to download all the past papers. Every student who is looking to prepare for CSS examinations at home, must download all the past papers and have access to them. Past papers help study better and give a deeper understanding of how a subject will appear in the CSS exams. By solving the past papers, it will also help in managing your time more efficiently and prepare your desired subjects smartly.

Books for CSS preparation

Reading extra books helps a lot especially for those appearing in the CSS examinations. While FPSC recommends many books that go hand in hand with the subjects, there are still many other books that aspirants should read to help increase their knowledge.

Some of these books include, High School Grammar by Wren and Martin, Pakistan: Beyond the ‘Crisis State’, Governing the Ungovernable, Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan, and Why Nations Fail? This is the list of top books that everyone appearing for the CSS tests must read while preparing at home or otherwise.

Access to a great stable internet connection

While preparing for the CSS examination, one must have a good stable internet connection as it helps in studying much more efficiently. Internet will help in many ways, especially when wanting to extract information about a particular research or survey papers available online, it will be the quickest way to have access to all of it and will save time.

Moreover, having a fast stable internet connection provides way too many online platforms to take tests, and search on any topic without wasting your precious time. So, having access to a stable internet connection is a plus point.

Read newspaper daily

To kickstart your CSS preparation at home, you must develop a habit of reading newspapers regularly even if you don’t like it; there is no way to escape it. Focus on reading an English newspaper, to be more specific, start by reading The Tribune, The Daily Times, Dawn, or you can even go for international newspapers such as BBC or The Guardian.

Reading newspapers regularly will enhance your knowledge of Pakistan’s current affairs as well as the current affairs across the world, this would be fruitful for CSS exams. It can also help develop great, rich English vocabulary and strong Grammar skills that will help you in your CSS exams.

Buy necessary stationery

Besides purchasing the necessary books, you also need to buy journals, pens, pencils, highlighters, markers, and all other stationary that you think you need. Because once you start preparing for CSS tests, you will not be able to find time to go out and get these things.

CSS examinations is no child’s play; students must get extremely serious while studying for it. Besides, buying all this stuff will only leave a good impact as seeing all these things will help you keep motivated and keep on reminding you why you started in the first place. It will keep your morale high.

Steer clear of distractions

Distractions are everywhere, from our televisions to cell phones to laptops. So, preparing at home may be a huge risk, but nothing is impossible! As we live in the era of technology, the constant use of our cell phones usually makes it hard to concentrate on our tasks.

This technology is a mode of distraction. Try to switch off your phones while studying because this will surely help you pay attention, understand and study better. Try to convert your bedroom into a proper class so you can focus solely on your studies.

Set up a proper study schedule/timetable

Prepare a proper study schedule; the main thing should be that you must cover every day’s target on time because this will help students cover their syllabus right on time and give them plenty of time to revise their subjects.

In this way, students will also know where they stand or how well they are performing and will be ahead of time in studying. A proper study schedule helps you in getting organized and manage time.

Research on different topics daily

Do not mainly focus on the course books only, do your own research as well. You can easily go online and see up-to-date, informative content that will help in enhancing your knowledge skills on various topics. The more you research, the more information you will gain which will broaden your ideas and will also save your precious time. You can take online tests to see how well you perform or get access through YouTube or any other platform which you find feasible.

Test yourself

While preparing for CSS tests at home, there is a chance that you might not know about your mistakes or weaknesses, but this is no puzzler as you can very easily get your assignments or solved past papers checked by experts who would not only help you but will also tell you as to where you fall short and how to overcome it.

Learning without assessment may take you on a wrong path, ruining all your efforts. Try saving up your previous work, so you can compare it with your new work, to see the improvements.

Look after yourself

While preparing and appearing for CSS examinations can be tough, don’t forget to look after yourself. You may face a lot of obstacles, get tired of studying alone or may just want to give up on your dream, but remember this is not the solution.

Looking after yourself and your mental health should be your priority too. You will study better only if you take care of yourself. So, stay hydrated, indulge in physical activities like exercising, eat well and have plenty of sleep. Don’t push yourself to study all night long. These could take a toll on your health. Set reminders on your phone to drink at least eight glasses of water.

I hope this article helped you in your pursuit of starting CSS preparation at home. Remember, self-belief and hard work will always earn you success.

Best of Luck!

Test Preparation

CSS Syllabus 2023 – All CSS Subjects

Central Superior Services (CSS) is quite a competitive exam which is organized by Federal Public Services Commission (FPSC) to recruit civil officers on a merit basis. Students from all over Pakistan appear in this exam to secure higher jobs as civil servants. CSS exam subjects consist of two categories that are compulsory and elective subjects which the students must pass. CSS is known to be one of the toughest exams in Pakistan. Many students appear for the exam but unfortunately, only a few students can clear these examinations. In the CSS exam, there are 6 compulsory subjects as well as selective subjects too which you can choose according to your previous education experience. If you are looking for up-to-date information on CSS syllabus list 2022, then you have landed on the right page. This article will find every bit of necessary information on the CSS exam subjects.

CSS exams consist of a total of 1200 marks, in which six hundred marks are consistent with compulsory subjects while on the other hand, the other six hundred marks are from the selective CSS subject list. It is important to pass each paper, whether it is from the compulsory or selective sections.

CSS Compulsory Subjects

CSS Compulsory Subjects are necessary for candidates to attempt; CSS aspirants are given no choice but to pass these subjects. CSS written Exams have 1200 total numbers, 600 of which are covered by Compulsory Subjects.

Current Affair100
Pakistan Affair100
English Essay100
English composition100
General Science and ability100
Islamic Studies or Comparative Study of Major Religion (For Non- Muslims)100

CSS Optional Subjects

There are a total of 7 groups of subjects in CSS optional subjects. Candidates can choose different subjects to complete the other 600 marks.

Group 1 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 200 marks:

Accounting and Auditing200
Political Science200
Computer Science200
International Relations200

Group 2 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 200 marks or two subjects of 100 marks:

Pure Mathematics
Applied Mathematics

Group 3 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 100 marks:

Business Administration100
Public Administration100
Government & Public Policies100
Town Planning & Urban Management100

Group 4 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 100 marks:

History of Pakistan & India100
Islamic History & Culture100
British History100
European History100
History of the USA100

Group 5 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 100 marks:

Gender Studies100
Environmental Studies100
Agriculture & Forestry100
English Literature100
Urdu Literature100

Group 6 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 100 marks:

Constitutional Law100
International Law100
Muslim Law & Jurisprudence100

Group 7 — Aspirants can Select one subject of 100 marks:

Journalism & Mass Communication100

All these groups contain all important details regarding CSS exam subjects. Students appearing for the CSS exams are required to attempt all subjects in English Language except for the Islamic studies and regional languages which are Arabic, Pashto, Balochi, Sindhi, Persian. Islamic Studies can be attempted in Urdu or even in English. This depends on the candidate as to which language they want to use in the exam. There are high chances of getting MCQs in both optional and compulsory CSS subjects.

Moreover, as per the rules of Federal Public Service Commission, CSS exam subjects containing 200 marks come with two papers while the CSS subjects containing 100 marks are comprised of one paper only. The duration for these papers is for three hours only so the students should practice time management accordingly as no extra time is given.

To clear and pass all the CSS exams might be quite challenging and is an uphill task but intelligent students can surely very easily pass with flying numbers. Although the competition is quite tough, a little hard work will surely go a long way. Students should remember that smart study will always lead to success in any field of competitive examinations. We also have a list of things that CSS aspirants should avoid.

This article is all about the FPSC CSS syllabus 2022, which should hopefully be sufficient in your subject choices. Understand the overall schemes of these groups and choose your CSS subjects very carefully. Stay vigilant as wrong decisions will waste not only your precious time but also your hard work and efforts.