KU celebrates World Space Week 2021

The Institute of Space Science and Technology Karachi University organized a one-day International Conference on space science and technology on Friday to celebrate World Space Week.

The theme of World Space Week 2021 is “Women in Space”. World Space Week is celebrated annually from October 4th to 10th to create awareness about space science. The conference covered the full spectrum of space science from astronomy, astrophysics, cosmology, aerospace, ionosphere, to remote sensing, global positioning system, and geographical information science. The conference was attended by a large number of students from different universities, researchers, and scholars and held at the Arts Auditorium.

The Vice Chancellor University of Karachi Professor Dr Khalid Mahmood Iraqi appreciated that the ISST has taken the lead in the country for producing the necessary learned human resource for this important domain of science.

He also acknowledges the consistent collaboration of Pakistan’s national space agency, the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission in the up-gradation of the University of Karachi’s astronomy observatory and cooperation in arranging informative events like this in the past.

The KU VC Professor Dr Khalid Iraqi hoped that hope this collaboration will go a long way in bringing awareness about the importance of space science education to the masses. “Day by day space technologies are becoming more and more important for our daily activities from the cellular network, navigation to self-driving vehicles. Now we can’t consider any aspect of development such as social, commercial, societal and cultural without any type of internet connection.”

He mentioned that space science technologies have opened a new avenue for entrepreneurs. He said that Elon Musk is the best example in this regard and encouraged the student especially students of ISST to have faith in themselves and take a step out of their comfort zone to make a difference. He appreciated the models of drones designed and operated by the students of ISST.

Meanwhile, a keynote speaker from the Department of Astronomy, University of Concepción, Chile, Dr Rafeel Riaz, during an online presentation on astrophysics talked about the role of turbulence in star formation. He informed the audience that turbulence which is explained as the violent or unsteady movement of air or some other fluid exists almost everywhere from the air we breathe, the weather we see to the surface of the Sun.

He mentioned that stars are formed in a cloud of gas and dust known as a nebula. These nebulae which are also called star nurseries seem to have turbulence too. When we compare the brightness of protostars we observe in different surveys with the brightness predicted from theoretical models we see protostars are dimmer than the models predict.

“This poses a question about disconnect of star formation theory and observation. This question can be answered in the context of astrophysical turbulence which exists at all possible scales due to supermassive black holes, supernovae explosions, etc. Simulation models incorporating the turbulence showed that gravity can drive additional turbulence which subsequently affects the velocities which then control the process of star formation.”

Another keynote speaker, Professor Dr Aquib Moin from the Department of Physics, UAE University delivered the online lecture on “Observational Astronomy” while Jawaid Qamar from ISST and Rabia Najam from the Department of Physical jointly present a paper on “Theoretically Consistent Form of Einstein Equation Resulting from Injection of Sources’ Motion in the Theory”.

Meanwhile, Engineer Absar Ahmed Khan and a visiting faculty of ISST present a paper on the “Significance of Aerodynamics” and another visiting faculty member Ayaz Amin shared his findings of “Space Weather” with the audience.

Professor Dr Jamil Hassan Kazmi Department of Geography KU shared that although the term remote sensing was coined by Evelyn Pruitt in 1949 the birth of remote sensing originated since the dawn of human civilization.

He mentioned that the curiosity of human observation of stars and pointing caravans from a mountain is started 10, 000 years ago. After the advent of computer technology in 1945 and the first satellite launched in 1957, remote sensing become a highly dynamic field and provides a foundation to the magic of geo-informatics.

He said that near remote sensing is the term used to describe the process of drone photography, started in the 2000s and rapidly replacing the conventional. A joint research paper on “Global Warming in Karachi due to Urbanization” was presented by the faculty Department of Mathematics Atteeq Razzak, M. Arbaz, M. Abdullah, M. Ahmed, Zaheer Uddin and highlighted that during the past 23-30 years, Karachi has experienced a continuous increase in average daily temperature due to global warming issue and an average rise of 4-6 percent in annual temperature has been recorded.

According to them, the main reasons for this rise could be an increase in cementation and reduction in grassy areas due to unplanned construction in this city. To verify this statement a simulated experiment of solar heat energy in the environment of Karachi was developed. The activity was carried out in open space and covered area. The result indicates that the heat energy that persists in the environment has increased due to cementation and reduction in the green area.

Jahanzaib Alam Ghori and Hira Fatima of the ISST shared their research paper on “Carbon Sequestration Analysis of Karachi University using a GIS approach” while Salman Kausar, Muhib Ahmed, Hira Fatima from the ISST presented the paper on “Morphological Indices of Horizontal Branch and Intrinsic Properties of Globular Cluster”.

A research paper on “Measuring the Impact of Solar Activity on Telecommunication Networks” was jointly presented by M. Shafiq, Faisal Ur Rahman, M. Jawed Iqbal, and Qasid Ahmed Aleem and Syed Tanveer Iqbal of the ISST shared their research paper on “Analyzing the suitability of visible band classical cepheids to map the Milky Way” with the audience.

Syed Moeed Hussain, Semrah Jamal, and Absar Ahmed Khan from the ISST shared the findings of their paper on “Effects of Gurney flap on High lift low Reynolds on Wortmann FX 63-137 Aerofoil using CFD techniques”.

Earlier, Hira Fatima, Secretary of the Conference Organizing Committee, talked about the Women in Space and highlighted that females from computer engineers and mathematicians played a very important role to put men on the Moon.

She mentioned that the first woman went to space in 1963 and until now 65 women have gone in space as, cosmonauts, astronauts, payload specialists, and space station participants. Due to the research work, women have been doing on the international space station since 2001 they have become a crucial part of the space station research program. Taking into account the contribution of women in space exploration National Aeronautics and Space Administration has decided to land the first woman and next man to Moon in 2024.

The Convener Conference and the Director Professor Dr M. Jawed Iqbal ISST talked about the importance of space science and technology in the development of any nation. He shared his views on the role of the ISST in promoting space science education and research in Pakistan. Further, he informed the audience about the participation of ISST students in several national and international competitions and events. He mentioned that the ISST has produced 21 PhD to date.


Schools in Sindh to open with 100 percent attendance from today

The School Education and Literacy Department has decided to open all educational institutes with 100 percent attendance from Monday.

According to the notification issued by the SELD on Saturday; “All the Public and Private Educational Institutions under the administrative control of School Education & Literacy Department, Government of Sindh shall be allowed 100% attendance of students with effect from October 11, 2021”.

The circular reads that the vaccination of students of the age of 12 years and above is obligatory, therefore, all the Directors School Education, District Education Officers, Taluka Education Officers, Head Masters, Mistress, Director General, Inspection & Registration of Private Educational Institutions, Sindh will make the necessary effort for 100% vaccination of the students of the age of 12 years and above till October 31 2021.

“If any student is found un-vaccinated during the random visit of the institution by the administrative team, panel action will be initiated against the school administration”.


KU extends last date for admission, announces LLB result

Karachi University on Thursday extended the last date for admission to the First Year in Associate Degree in Arts, Associate Degree in Science, and Associate Degree in Commerce and BA and BSc for the year 2021 in the affiliated colleges till October 20.

However, the candidates have to fulfill the condition to complete the required attendance by the end of the session under the University rules. According to the notification issued, the admissions in the respective colleges would be allowed subject to the availability of seats as per allocation by the University of Karachi.

Meanwhile, the KU announced the result of the LLB Final Year Supplementary Examination 2019. According to the gazette issued, 223 candidates were registered of which 212 students appeared in the exams and four candidates cleared their papers with first division while 116 students passed the exams with second division. The overall pass percentage was 56.60 percent.



SU awards 24 Ph.D. & 141 M.Phil degrees

The Advanced Studies and Research Board of the University of Sindh on Thursday approved to award as many as 21 Ph.D. and 124 M.Phil degrees to the candidates in various departments.

According to the details, the 140th meeting of the Advanced Studies and Research Board of the University of Sindh was held in the VC office under the chair of SU vice-chancellor Professor Dr Muhammad Siddique Kalhoro where it awarded 24 Ph.D. and 124 M. Phil degrees in different fields.

Registrar Dr. Ghulam Muhammad Bhutto, Dr. Abdullah Dayo, Dr. Zareen Abbasi, Dr. Javed Ahmed Chandio, Dr. Syed Javed Iqbal, Dr. Khalil-ur-Rehman Khombati, Dr. Hafiz Munir Ahmed, Dr. Wazir Ali Baloch, Dr. Abdul Sattar Almani, Dr. Arfana Mallah, Dr. Altaf Nizamani, Dr. Nizamuddin Channa, Dr. Misbah Bibi, Dr. Shahzad Ahmed Memon, and others participated in the meeting.


SAU & IHS-UAF jointly organise seminar on crop protection

One day training workshop was organized on “Control of Red Palm Weevil in Date palm” at Faculty of Crop Protection, Sindh Agriculture University in the collaboration with Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, under the China-Pakistan Economic Palm Production Technology Project, Dr. Jan Muhammad Marri, Dean Faculty of Crop Protection presided over the session.

Addressing to session, Dean Dr. Jan Mohammad Marri said that date palm is a beneficial fruit and there are many date palm orchards in Sindh and Punjab, but growers have many problems of diseases and red palm and climate threats.

He said that experts should find a scientific solution to the problem of red palm in palm orchards. He said that palm growers in Sindh want new, sustainable and export quality verities in date palm.

Dean Faculty CPT Prof. Dr Jan Muhammad Mari appreciated the efforts of visiting faculty Members University of Agriculture Faisalabad and he urged the experts for future collaboration at more advanced level for the welfare of growers to increase their productivity.

Dr. Imran Khatri Chairman Department of Entomology described the present situation of date palm weevil and its losses and expressed his views for the importance of Pheromones for the management of Red Palm Weevil. He said that research is being done for the prevention of diseases and red palm weevil in the date palm and more research will be done in it and students will also be involved in joint research.

Dr. Muhammad Azam, an expert from University of Faisalabad described the trainees about control techniques of red palm weevil through aggregation pheromone technology imported from China.

Dr. Rashid Wasim Khan said that the future aspects of the program and the benefits of this technology need to be communicated to the palm growers so that the losses of red palm weevil can be reduced and the production can be increased.


IBCC revises equivalence formula for A* after 11 years

Islamabad: On the directives of Federal Minister for Education & Professional Training, Shafqat Mahmood, IBCC equivalence committee revised the equivalence formula for A* after 11 years and IBCC has started the issuance of equivalence certificates on new formula, the Secretary IBCC Dr Ghulam Ali Mallah told media.

Dr Mallah appreciated the role of chief executives of intermediate & secondary boards for providing data in time to IBCC to implement a new policy in its true spirit. The IBCC is also issuing another equivalence certificate to the pre-medical students in the format required by PMC.

During chairing the review meeting of IBCC, Dr Mallah informed the participants that with the kind support of the Federal Ministry, IBCC Service Rules have been approved. The performance of the e-portal of IBCC Equivalence was analyzed and several suggestions were shared for improvement of its efficient working. The Secretary IBCC was told that the e-filing is being gradually adopted in IBCC and its regional offices.

The IT team of IBCC briefed about measures taken for foolproof security of IBCC’s data. The support of NTC & NITB in technology reforms was appreciated. The Secretary directed IT team to finalize the Attestation e-portal to facilitate students, local boards & foreign offices for ease of the consul business.


3000 Afghan national students to get scholarships in Pakistani universities

Almost 3000 Afghan students are studying in Pakistani universities, the graduation ceremony of these students will be held this month in Islamabad. Under the project of “Award of 3000 Scholarships to Afghan National Students as per Prime Minister’s Directives” every year, Afghan students are awarded with scholarships from government of Pakistan.

In this regard, under the auspices of HEC, a special meeting was held at UET Lahore. HEC officials as representatives and Afghan students from different universities such as UET, GCU- Lahore and King Edward Medical College Lahore visited UET, Lahore and attended the meeting.

While addressing the participants Vice Chancellor UET Prof. Dr. Syed Mansoor Sarwar said that currently there are 74 Afghan students studying in UET. Every year, the university awards scholarships to 44 Afghan students. The participants appreciated the efforts of Prime Minister, HEC and Vice Chancellor UET in taking special measures for students of Afghanistan.


Academics express concern over endangered cattle breed

Academics from various universities across the country, farmers and civil society members have expressed concern over the dangers to endangered indigenous breeds of cattle in Sindh. The need to reach out to Farmers was emphasized.

Speaking at the inauguration of the National Center for Livestock Breeding, Genetics and Genomics sub-center at the SAU the experts said that buffaloes, goats, the number of purebred breeds of various livestock, including sheep, has become extremely limited, there is a special need for modern technology and farmer’s guidance for their protection.

Sub-Center of National Livestock Breeding, Genetics and Genomics was established at the Department of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University in collaboration with the Higher Education Commission.

Addressing to the inauguration ceremony Vice Chancellor Dr. Fateh Marri said that Sindh is the second largest milk and meat producing province in the country, but there is a danger of limiting the hereditary and rare breeds of animals, there is an urgent need to save and Sindh Agriculture University is well aware of its role in this regard and is committed to disseminating the results of the advanced research of our experts to the farmers.

Dr. Qamar Uz Zaman, Vice Chancellor, Pir Mehar Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi said that there are excellent livestock opportunities in Sindh, research work and interest of experts in University is commendable. “Agriculture and livestock have now converted in the industry, so the Public, Private and Academia will have to work on joint projects,” he said. While for the benefit of the farmers of this country including Sindh, the university will play its role in imparting this technology to the common farmers through its experts.

Dr. Bekha Ram Devrajani, Vice Chancellor, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, said that Sindh Agriculture University has the best infrastructure for various experiments in animal husbandry and Veterinary Sciences; we want to start research work in various fields with the SAU at the laboratories of Faculty.

Ali Akbar Dars a Progressive Farmer said that there was a time when our Thari cows used to produce 20 to 22 kg of milk at Nabi Sir Cattle Farm, later, due to the change in race, she has now come down to two kilograms, purebred cows are still producing the best on my personal farm,” he said. “Given the interest of the university administration, experts and research work today, we hope to save our own breeds of hereditary animals.

Dr. Parshotam Khatri, in-charge of the project, while giving a detailed briefing on the project, said that the center would conserve the reproductive pure seed of cattle, buffaloes, cows, goats, sheep and other livestock. in this regard, field work will also be done for the rare breeds, while the endangered species of healthy and rare and best animals of Sindh will be saved. As well as DNA tests will also be conducted to verify purebreds,

Dr. Syed Ghiyasuddin Shah Rashdi, Dean, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Dr. Aqeel Memon, Dr. Rehana Bariro and others also addressed the function.

Earlier, Dr. Fateh Marri, Vice Chancellor SAU Tandojam, Dr. Qamar Uz Zaman, Vice Chancellor, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi. Dr. Bekharam Devrajani, Vice Chancellor Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro, Dr. Khalil Ahmed Ibuputo, Vice Chancellor Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur Mirs, Dr Bhai Khan Shar, Vice Chancellor Shaheed Allah Bakhsh Soomro University of Art Design and Heritage and others inaugurated the sub-center and laboratory of the National Center for Livestock Breeding Genetics and Genomics.


IJT marks Teachers Day at Karachi University

Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba on Tuesday marked Teachers’ Day at the University of Karachi — which was also celebrated globally — to pay respect to the educators of the nation.

To celebrate the day, IJT distributed appreciation cards to the teachers across the university, while it had also put up banners in the varsity to show their respect. This year’s theme was “respect for the architect of the nation”.

To kick the day off, Nazim IJT (KU) Usaid Khanzada present a sheild and appreciation card to the university’s vice-chancellor, Dr Khalid Mahmood Iraqui, who lauded the organisation’s efforts in this regard.

Meanwhile, during the meeting Khanzada also expressed concerns over the newly launched associate degree programs.


Nations foreign policy will remain constrained if dependent on foreign aid: SA Zaidi

Nation’s foreign policy will remain constrained if they keep depending on foreign aid, observes IBA Executive Director Dr Syed Akbar Zaidi.

“This is so unfortunate we still were unable to improve our economic situation. We ask Unicef to provide money to administer polio drops and also ask the United States of America and China to provide Covid-19 vaccines.”, he added.

The list of the names of the Pandora Leaks and Panama Leaks shows that Pakistan is a country that has large numbers of millionaires and billionaires but, on the other hand, the state is poor. The wealth of some people is increasing day by day but the government relies upon aid, grants, and loans.

Those nations, who are dependent on foreign aid, their foreign policy always remain constrained and the same is the case of Pakistan. Since its inception, the country has always been under the influence of foreign aid, or in simple words foreign debt. We have to increase our exports to come out of this situation on an emergency basis.

These views were expressed by the Executive Director of the Institute of Business Administration Dr Syed Akbar Zaidi. He was addressing the third Sheikh Mutahir Ahmed Memorial Lecture Series, which was organized by the Department of International Relations, University of Karachi at the Arts Auditorium on Tuesday.

The Vice Chancellor University of Karachi Professor Dr Khalid Mahmood Iraqi, Dean Arts and Social Sciences Professor Dr Nusrat Idress, Chairman Department IR Dr Naeem Ahmed, Dr Aamir Hameed, faculty, students, and others were also present on this occasion.

Addressing the topic of “The State We Live In: Pakistan Today”, the political-economist Dr Syed Akbar Zaidi observed that Bangladesh has overcome at their issues and now rose to unprecedented economic development and become the role model for other countries in the region.

“We continue to depend on others instead of stabilizing our economy. Unless we stabilize our economy, we will not be able to join the list of developed countries and for that, we must increase our exports. As long as we continue to depend on others, we will have to listen to them.”

While narrating the words of late Dr Mutahir Ahmed, the Executive IBA Director Dr Syed Akbar Zaidi said that if Pakistan needs to develop itself, it must have economic interdependence and friendly relationship with its neighbors and it is the only way-out.




Talking about CPEC, he said, it seems not to be a “Game Changer” but “Game-Over” as Pakistan has borrowed debt more from China than it has from any other country, and sooner or later there will be a time when China will ask Pakistan to return all debt.

Dr Akbar Zaidi informed the audience that emerges of the middle class is a good sign for Pakistan’s future, women participation has increased in different sectors in recent times and after the 18th Amendment, provinces have been given autonomy, and they are developing better than before.

Meanwhile, the KU VC Professor Dr Khalid Iraqi said that Pakistan is an agricultural country but still we were unable to use it for the betterment of the economy due to the instability of policies.

He stressed that civilian institutions are unfortunately unable to achieve the status they should have and that is why our foreign policies are weaker than other countries. He observed that without economic sovereignty and stability, the goals of developing the country and formulating the best foreign policy cannot be achieved.

He mentioned that the countries that depend on foreign loans and aid have to follow the policies of others which are one of the major causes of the decline of their economy. The KU VC Professor Dr Khalid Iraqi emphasizes that nations cannot survive without development. He further spoke about the national dilemma and shared that we as a nation believe in personalities instead of institutions.

Earlier, Dr Naeem Ahmed said that Pakistan with ethnic, cultural, and religious diversities has been constantly experiencing profound political and socio-economic turbulence for several decades. Along with this, Pakistan has also been witnessing the scourge of unrestrained religious extremism and terrorism, besides the increasing gap between the rich and the poor as well as the sharpened civil-military relations.

He observed that the current situation in Afghanistan, if not handled effectively, may further impact the religiopolitical and socio-economic landscape of Pakistan. The speakers while talking about the late Professor Dr Sheikh Mutahir Ahmed said that he was a man of noble character and a man who listens and tolerates the opinions of other.